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Mining history

The county is not rich in minerals apart from gravel. There are many worked out gravel sites along the rivers of the Hampshire basin, particularly around Ringwood. Today there is extensive marine dredging for this material in the Solent.

In addition there were widespread clay and chalk workings.

Ian West's sites for Geology & Landform (and much more) of

the Solent & New Forest and the Isle of Wight.

Geodata at Southampton University- New Forest site

FIELD TRip to Barton & Hordle


Austen, John H. 1852 A guide to the geology of the Isle of Purbeck, and the south-west coast of Hampshire. Blandford : 20pp.

Bone, David A. 1989 Temporary exposures in the Lower Paleogene of the eastern Hampshire basin (Chichester to Havant.) Proc. Geol. Assoc. 100, 147 - 159.

Clarke, M. R.- Raynor, E. J.- Sobey, R. A.The sand and gravel resources of the Loddon Valley area : description of 1:25000 sheets SU75, 76 and parts of SU64, 65, 66 and 74- - Mineral assessment report ; 48; London : H.M.S.O.- 1980- iii, 111p : ill : maps ;

Kubala, M.The sand and gravel resources of the country around Fordingbridge, Hampshire : description of 1:25000 resource sheet SU11 and parts of SU00, SU01, SU10, SU20 and SU21-- Mineral assessment report ; 50- London : H.M.S.O.- 1980- iv, 98p : ill : maps

Clarke, M. R- Dixon, A. J- Kubala, M.The sand and gravel resources of the Blackwater Valley (Aldershot) area : description of 1:25000 sheets SU85, 86 and parts of SU84, 94, 95 and 96- - Natural Environment Research Council- Institute of Geological Sciences- Mineral assessment report ; 39- London : H.M.S.O.- 1979- vi, 136 p. : ill., maps

Colenutt, .... The Bembridge limestone. Proc. Hampshire Field Club 2, 178 - ...

Colenutt, G.W., and R.W. Hooley 1919 Excursion to the Isle of Wight. Whitsuntide, 1919. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 30(3), 133 - 138 [Bembridge limestone quarry at Quarr 'recently reopened]

Green, G.W. 1998 The geology of building stones in Dorset, Hampshire, and Wiltshire, together with some adjacent parts of Somerset. The Hatcher Review 5(45), 5 - 17.

Greenwood, John 1990 The industrial archaeology and industrial history of south-eastern England: a bibliography. Cranfield: Kewdale Press: viii + 372pp.

Hawkins, H.L. 1937 A road-section at Whitway, north Hampshire. With an appendix
on the mineralogy of the Eocene strata, by Miss. P.S. Walder. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 48, 142 -159.
Hewitt, E.M. 1912 Brickmaking. VCH Hampshire and the Isle of Wight 5, 465 - 466.
Hewitt, E.M., and C.H. Vellacott 1912 Quarrying. VCH Hampshire and the Isle of Wight 5, 462 - 463
Holgate, Robin 1991 Prehistoric flint mines. Princes Risborough: Shire Publications Ltd: 56pp

Humphries, D.W. 1957. Chert: its age and origin in the Hythe Beds of the western Weald. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 67, 296 - 313 + pls. 15 - 16

Knowles, Leonard, and Frank A. Middlemiss. 1958. The Lower Greensand in the Hindhead area of Surrey and Hampshire. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 69, 205 - 238 + folded map and

Mathers, S. J. 1982. The sand and gravel resources of the country around Lymington and Beaulieu, Hampshire : description of parts of 1:25 000 sheets SU 20, 30, and 40, and SZ 29, 39, and 49- - Institute of Geological Sciences- Mineral assessment report ; 122- London : H.M.S.O. iii, 58 p. : ill., maps (2 col.)

Middlemiss, F.A. 1959 .Field meeting at Selborne, Hampshire. The geology of Gilbert White's country. 4 October, 1958. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 70, 31 - 32

Moore, Pamela (ed). 1984. A guide to the industrial archaeology of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Southampton University Industrial Archaeology Group : 83pp.
Moore, P. 1988 The industrial heritage of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Chichester: Phillimore : 124pp.

Palmer, L.S., and J.H. Cook. 1923. The Pleistocene deposits of the Portsmouth district and their relation to man. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 34, 253 - 282

Pittman, T. 1977. Newton & Clayton, 1860 - 1957. The story of pottery and brick production at Newtown, Bishops Waltham. The authors : 16pp

Riley, Ray .1994 .A short guide to the industrial archaeology of Hampshire. Association for Industrial Archaeology / Southampton University Industrial Archaeology Group: 47pp

Shore, T.W. 1890 .The clays of Hampshire and their economic uses. Papers and Proc. Hampshire Field Club 4, 23 - 45 + pls. i - ii.

Shore, T.W. 1908a. Geology & Hampshire industries. Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Soc.: Shore Memorial Volume

Shore, T.W. 1908 Town geology, or the clay, sands, stones, dust, and mud of Southampton. in Shore (1908a) 151 - 171 [bricks and tiles, building stones,glass sand, road metal etc]

Tadd, M.H. 1994 Selborne, Hampshire - underground quarry workings. Wealden Cave
and Mine Soc.: Cave & Quarry 3, 49 - 50.

Thurrell, R.G., B.C. Worssam, and E.A. Edmonds. 1968. Geology of the country around Haslemere. Mem Geol Survey:

Topley, W. 1875 .The geology of the Weald (parts of the counties of Kent, Surrey, Sussex, and Hants.) Memoir Geological Survey UK : xiv + 503pp + pls. Chapter 22 (pp. 367 - 76) deals with building stones; 23 (377 - 83) with road materials; 24 (384 - 95) with 'limestones, manures, clays, glass sand, fullers earth, and phosphate of lime'] ]

Vancouver, C. 1813. General view of the agriculture of Hampshire including the Isle of Wight, drawn up for consideration of the Board of Agriculture. Sherwood, Neely & Jones : 520pp.

White, W.C.F. 1973. A gazetteer of brick and tile works in Hampshire. Proc.Hants. Field Club Archaeol. Soc. 28, 81 - 97.

Wright, A. 1980. Brickworks: a gazetteer of brick and tile manufacturing sites in
north east Hampshire. Fleet : the author : 55pp.

Young, Donald .1970 .Brickmaking at Sandleheath, near Fordingbridge, Hants. Industrial Archaeology 7,439 - 442

Linton, David L. 1930. Notes on the development of the western part of the Wey drainage system, together with a report of the field meeting at Borden and Alton (Hants) on 15th September, 1928. Weald Research Committee Report, No. 13. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 41, 160 - 174

Shepherd, Robert .1980. Prehistoric mining and allied industries. London :Academic Press : xii + 272pp.

Wrigley, A. 1928 .The London Clay of Newnham (Hants.) With a report of an excursion to Hook on July 2nd, 1927. Proc. Geol. Assoc. 39, 360 - 368

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